Communication and Collaboration
Communication and collaboration combines interacting, publishing, and contributing. It also incorporates communicating information and ideas that will hopefully help develop cultural understanding. To have effective communication, there must be teaming, interpersonal skills, and interactivity. Many times, educators mistake the word collaboration with cooperation. Students need to truly collaborate to develop a new set of ideas or work to complete a project.
That means interacting using many different types of media. Students and teachers need to be able to communicate the information to a variety of audiences in many ways. Audiences may be from other cultures which will help with global awareness.
Digital citizenship incorporates practicing safe, legal, & responsible use of information and technology, exhibiting positive attitudes with technology, and demonstrating personal responsibility when using technology. In my opinion, this is crucial for schools to teach in today's classroom. Students must show understanding of "human, cultural, and societal issues related to technology and practice legal and ethical behavior". (p. 62) Because the use of the internet for educational purposes is still fairly new to some educators, there needs to be additional professional development opportunities to help teachers understand the complexity of digital citizenship. Students need to know how to properly cite sources and triangulate the data they find online to confirm its authenticity. Students need to understand the importance of leaving a positive and ethical digital footprint.
ICT Literacy is the use technology to develop 21st century content knowledge and skills where students use technology to learn core subjects. Students need to be able to use technology to think critically, solve problems, communicate, innovate, and collaborate. (p. 57) Core subjects are still very much a part of the 21st century frameworks but needs to evolve to use technology to know the 'how' of solving problems. Many teachers are still focused on the old paradigm of learning and Dede suggests that they need to unlearn what they know and re-learn with a focus on digital literacies.
Creativity and Innovation
My personal favorite 21st century learning framework is creativity and innovation. These skills help students apply existing knowledge to generate new ideas, products, original works, or processes. Students must know how to use models and simulations to explore. (p. 61) If given the opportunity to be creative and innovative, I believe that students will be more engaged with the content. Core subject can still be taught but students can show their knowledge in a creative and innovative way. To me, this framework encompasses many of the other frameworks as discussed previously. I feel like many educators are not sure how to structure a classroom to allow for this framework as it gives more ownership to the students.
Dede discusses the need for assessments that must measure all the frameworks that include: "core subjects, 21st century content, learning and thinking skills, ICT literacy, and life skills". (p. 58) Assessing is critical for an educator to understand as it relates to the 21st century skills. Standardized tests will not measure these skills. Teachers need much professional d
James, B., & Brandt, R. (2010). 21st Century Skills Rethinking How Students Learn. Bloomington: Solution Tree Press.