A framework was posted in 21st Century Skills Rethinking How Students Learn which has four key components.
Explore: What did you learn beyond the scope of the project or lesson? What mistakes did you make? How did you learn from them?
Create: What new ideas, knowledge, or understandings can you offer?
Understand: What is the evidence that you can apply learning in one domain to another?
Share: How did you use what you have learned to help a person, the class, your community, or the planet?
There will be more interdisciplinary approaches in the 21st century projects which lead to this type of assessment. Students will still need to master the content knowledge and will still be learning calculations, vocabulary, etc. Students should be able to help create the tasks that will be assessed and should be given the ability to explore and discover. This will lead to greater creativity and sharing what they have learned. They should be assessed on what impact they have had on their community and/or the world.
Because I don’t work at a school, I will reflect on what I see as an ideal school. I would like to see more open areas where students could work together in teams. A school that is not bound by 45-50 minute blocks of time for learning one subject at a time. A school that is rich in technology and all students have a mobile device and can be connected at all times. I do not see large textbooks being carried around and lockers to house them. Instead, I see all materials housed on the mobile device and more of a learning center team office where students can personalize their learning spaces. There would be online blended learning so students could work online together. Sharing and collaboration would happen daily among students, teachers, and administrators. Students would not be sitting in rows listening to lectures and taking standardized tests. I do see many of our progressive schools trying to implement parts of this now and it is exciting.